Best Digital Forensics Certifications - (2023)

There is an appreciable number of available, high-quality certification programs that focus on digital investigations and forensics. However, there are also many certifications and programs in this area that are far less transparent and widely known.

There’s been a steady demand for digital forensics certifications for the past several years, mainly owing to the following:

  • Computer crime continues to escalate. As more cybercrimes are reported, more investigations and qualified investigators are needed. This is good news for law enforcement and private investigators who specialize in digital forensics.
  • There’s high demand for qualified digital forensics professionals because nearly every police department needs trained candidates with suitable credentials.
  • IT professionals interested in working for the federal government (either as full-time employees or private contractors) must meet certain minimum training standards in information security. Digital forensics qualifies as part of the mix needed to meet them, which further adds to the demand for certified digital forensics professionals.

As a result, there is a continuing rise of companies that offer digital forensics training and certifications. Alas, many of these are “private label” credentials that are not well recognized. Making sense of all options and finding the right certification for you may be trickier than it seems.

To help choose our top five certifications for 2019, we looked at several popular online job boards to determine the number of advertised positions that require these certifications. While the actual results vary from day to day and by job board, this should give you an idea of the number of digital forensic jobs with specific certification requirements.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order, by certification)*

CertificationSimplyHiredIndeedLinkedIn JobsLinkUpTotal
Vendor neutral
CFCE (IACIS)638211746308
CHFI (EC-Council)10614025368567
GCFA (SANS GIAC)4224898572942,062
GCFE (SANS GIAC)2032264331431,005
Vendor specific
ACE (AccessData)2529311297
EnCE (EnCase)110154237114615

*We covered two GIAC credentials, presented together in a single GIAC section below.

Digital forensics is a relatively lucrative space for practitioners. The average salary for intermediatedigital forensic jobs in the U.S. – $63,959, according to SimpyHired – trails that of network engineers, system administrators and project managers. However, a senior specialist or forensic analyst, whether working in the private industry or government channels, will often earn six figures in major metro areas. We found salaries on the high end running almost $107,000 for forensic analysts and more than $127,000 for digital forensic roles.

ACE: AccessData Certified Examiner

AccessData is the maker of the popular Forensic Toolkit (FTK) solution for digital investigations. The company also offers a variety of related products and services, such as AD Lab, AD eDiscovery, AD Enterprise and AD Triage.

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The AccessData Certified Examiner (ACE) is worth pursuing for those who already useor plan to useFTK, which enjoys widespread use in law enforcement and private research and consulting firms. The certification requires one exam, which covers the FTK Imager, Registry Viewer, PRTK (Password Recovery Toolkit) and FTK Examiner Application/Case Management Window tools in detail. AccessData recommends basic to moderate forensic knowledge before attempting the exam. This includes an understanding of digital artifacts, Registry files, encrypting and decrypting files, hashing, attack types, using live and index searching, and other topics. See the latest ACE Study Guide for details.

Recertification is required every two years. Credential holders must pass the current ACE exam, which focuses on the most current versions of FTK and other tools, to maintain their credentials.

ACE facts and figures

Certification nameAccessData Certified Examiner (ACE)
Prerequisites and required coursesNone; training recommended:

AccessData FTK BootCamp (three-day classroom or live online)

FTK Intermediate courses

Number of examsOne exam (ACE 6); includes knowledge-based and practical portions

Registration required to receive a join code to access the testing portal

Cost per exam$100 (exam fee includes retakes and recertification exams)
Self-study materialsThere is a link to the free ACE Study Guide is on the certification webpage. The testing portal includes study videos, lessons in PDF and a practice test (with an image file).

CFCE: Certified Forensic Computer Examiner

The International Association of Computer Investigative Specialists (IACIS) is the organization behind the Certified Forensic Computer Examiner (CFCE) credential. This organization caters primarily to law enforcement personnel, and you must be employed in law enforcement to qualify for regular IACIS membership.

A formalapplication form, along with an application fee, is necessary to join IACIS. Regular membership includes current computer/digital forensic practitioners who are current or former government or law enforcement employees or forensic contractors to a government agency. All other practitioners can apply for Associate membership to IACIS, provided they can pass a background check. Membership fees and annual renewal fees are required. IACIS membership is not required to obtain the CFCE credential.

To obtain the CFCE credential, candidates must demonstrate proficiency with CFCE core competencies. One option is IACIS’Basic Computer Forensic Examiner (BCFE) two-week training course; it meets the 72-hour training requirement, costs $2,995, includes a free laptop and waives the IACIS membership fee for nonmembers. IACIS membership is required to attend the course. Candidates completing the training course can enroll directly in the CFCE program uponcompletion of the course. Those not attending the BCFE course may meet the 72-hour training requirement with a comparable course (subject to IACIS approval), pay a $750 registration fee, and successfully pass a background check to enroll in the CFCE program and sit for the exam.

The CFCE exam is a two-step testing process that includes a peer review and CFCE certification testing:

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  1. The peer review consists of accepting and completing four assigned practical problems based on core knowledge and skills areas for the credential. These must be solvedand then presented to a mentor for initial evaluation (and assistance, where needed) before being presented for peer review. Candidates have 30 days to complete each of the practical problems.
  2. Upon successful conclusion of the peer review, candidates automatically progress to the certification phase.
    • Candidates must begin work on a hard-drive practical problem within sevendays of the completion of the peer review phase. Forty days are allotted to candidates to independently analyze and report upon a forensic image of a hard drive provided to them. Following specific instructions, a written report is prepared to document the candidate’s activities and findings.
    • Once that report is accepted and passed, the process concludes with a 100-question written exam (which includes true/false, multiple-choice, matching and short-answer questions). Candidates have 14 days to complete the written examination. A passing score of 80 percent or better is required for both the forensic report and the written exam to earn the CFCE.

Upon completion of both the peer review and the certification phase, candidates must submit a notarized form certifying that the practical and written exams were completed independently without assistance from anyone else.

Certificants must recertify every three years to maintain the CFCE credential. Recertification requires proof of at least 40 hours of professional education, a passing score on a proficiency test in the third year, proof of computer/digital forensics work experience, or passing scores on three proficiency tests within three years, and either three years of IACIS membership or payment of a $150 recertification fee.

Despite the time and expense involved in earning a CFCE, this credential has high value and excellent name recognition in the computer forensics field. Many forensics professionals consider the CFCE a necessary merit badge to earn, especially for those who work in or for law enforcement.

CFCE facts and figures

Certification nameCertified Forensic Computer Examiner (CFCE)
Prerequisites and required coursesBasic Computer Forensics Examiner (BCFE) training course recommended($2,995)

72 hours of training in computer/digital forensics comparable to CFCE core competencies; BCFE training course meets training requirement

Without BCFE training: take a comparable course, pay $750 registration fee and pass a background check

Number of examsTwo-part process: Peer review (must pass to proceed to subsequent phase) and certification phase (includes hard-drive practical and written examination)
Cost per examIncluded in BCFE training; $750 for the entire testing process for those not attending BCFE training
Self-study materialsIACIS is the primary conduit for training and study materials for this certification.

CHFI: Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator

The EC-Council is a well-known training and certification organization that specializes in the areas of anti-hacking, digital forensics and penetration testing. The organization’s Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI) certification emphasizes forensics tools, analytical techniques, and procedures involved in obtaining, maintaining, and presenting digital forensic evidence and data in a court of law.

The EC-Council offers training for this credential but permits candidates to challenge the exam without taking the course, provided they havea minimum of two years of information security experience and pay a non-refundable $100 eligibility application fee.

The CHFI course covers a wide range of topics and tools (click the exam Blueprint button on the certification webpage). Topics include an overview of digital forensics, in-depth coverage of the computer forensics investigation process, working with digital evidence, anti-forensics, database and cloud forensics, investigating network traffic, mobile and email forensics, and ethics, policies and regulations. Courseware is available, as well as instructor-led classroom training.

The EC-Counciloffers numerous other certifications of potential value to readers interested in the CHFI. These include the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), CEH (Practical), EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA), ECSA Practical, Certified Network Defender (CND) and Licensed Penetration Tester (LPT), Certified Application Security Engineer (CASE), and Certified Chief Information Security Officer (CCISO). Italso offers credentials in related areas such as disaster recovery, encryption and security analysis. Visit theEC-Council sitefor more info on its popular and respected credentials.

CHFI facts and figures

Certification nameComputer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI) v9
Prerequisites andrequired coursesApplication with resume and current or previous employer info required.

Candidates must agree to the EC-Council Non-Disclosure, Candidate Application and Candidate Certification agreement terms.

Training recommended but not required:

  • Live, online instructor-led training (includes courseware, six months of iLabs access, exam voucher and test prep program;contact EC-Council directly for pricing)
  • iLearn self-paced class (includes one year of access to instructor-led training videos, courseware, six months of lab access and exam voucher;$1,899)
  • Self-study courseware ($677)
  • Mobile training (contact EC-Council for pricing information)

To challenge the exam without training, you must have twoyears of information security work experience and/or education to reflect specialization, pay a non-refundable application fee of $100, and complete theExam Eligibility Application Form.

More information on the application process is located on the Application Eligibility Processwebpage.

Number of examsOne exam: EC0 312-49 (150 questions, fourhours, passing score 70 percent, multiple choice). Available through the ECC exam portal.
Cost per exam$500 (plus $100 application fee; candidates who do not participate in training must pay a $650 exam fee plus $100 application fee)
Self-study materialsVisit the EC-Council Store and search for “CHFI” for preparation materials, including labs. Study guide and exam guides are available onAmazon, as well as some practice exams.

More than 57 questions to practice and prepare for certification exam!

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EnCe: EnCase Certified Examiner

Guidance Software, acquired by OpenText in 2017, is a leader in the forensics tools and services arena. Its well-known and widely used EnCase Forensic software helps professionals acquire data from many different types of devices, complete disk-level examinations and produce reports of their findings. The company also sells software for remote investigations (EnCase Endpoint Investigator), eDiscovery, risk management, mobile investigations and endpoint security.

The company’s certification program includes the Certified Forensic Security Responder (CFSR), EnCase Certified eDiscovery Practitioner (EnCEP) and EnCase Certified Examiner (EnCe). Available to professionals in the public and private sector, the EnCE recognizes an individual’s proficiency using EnCase Forensic software and mastery of computer investigation methodology, including evidence collection, preservation, file verification, file signatures and hashing, first responder activities, and much more.

To achieve EnCe certification, candidates must show proof of a minimum of 64 hours of authorized computer forensic training or 12 months of qualified work experience, complete an application, and then successfully complete a two-phase exam that includes a written and practical portion.

EnCE certifications are valid for three years from the date obtained. Recertification requires one of the following:

  • 32 credit hours of continuing education in computer forensics or incident response
  • A computer forensics or incident response-related certification
  • Attendance at an Enfuse conference (at least 10 sessions)

EnCE facts and figures

Certification nameEnCase Certified Examiner (EnCe)
Prerequisites andrequired coursesRequired: 64 hours of authorized computer forensic training or 12 months of work experience in computer forensics

Training options through Guidance Software:

  • EnCE Prep Course (DF310), classroom, virtual classroom or on demand ($2,195)
  • EnCE Certification Bootcamp (aimed at new digital investigators) – includes DF120 (Foundations in Digital Forensics), DF210 (Building an Investigation) and DF310 ($5,085 for the bundle)

Completion of the EnCE application

Number of examsOne two-phase exam:
  • Phase I written exam (180 questions, two hours, minimum passing score 80 percent), delivered via ExamBuilder
  • Phase II practical exam (18 questions, 60 days, minimum passing score 85 percent)

Passing the Phase I exam earns an electronic license to complete the Phase II exam.

Cost per exam$200 total, or $300 international

$75 renewal fee

Self-study materialsStudy materials provided in Guidance Software courses. Check Amazon for availability of current and practice exams.

Learning On Demand subscription provides access to 400 courses across the OpenText Learning Services platform.

GCFA And GCFE Certifications

SANS is the organization behind the Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC) program. It is a well-respected and highly regarded player in the information security field in general. SANS not only teaches and researches in this area, it also provides breaking news, operates a security alert service, and serves on all kinds of government, research and academic informationsecuritytask forces, working groups,and industry organizations.

The organization’s incident response and forensics credentials include the following:

  • GIAC Certified Forensic Examiner (GCFE)
  • GIAC Certified Forensic Analyst (GCFA)
  • GIAC Reverse Engineering Malware (GREM)
  • GIAC Network Forensic Analyst (GNFA)
  • GIAC Advanced Smartphone Forensics (GASF)
  • GIAC Cyber Threat Intelligence (GCTI)

The intermediate GCFE and the more senior GCFA are the focus of this section. Neither credential requires taking SANS courses (which havea strong reputation for beingamong the best in the cybersecurity community, with high-powered instructors to match), but they are recommended to candidatesand often offered before, during or after SANS conferences held around the U.S. at regular intervals.

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Both the GCFE and GCFA focus on computer forensics in the context of investigation and incident response, and thus also focus on the skills and knowledge needed to collect and analyze data from Windows and/or Linux computer systems during such activities. Candidates must possess thenecessary skills, knowledge, and ability to conduct formal incident investigations and advanced incident handling, including dealing with internal and external data breaches, intrusions, and cyberthreats;collecting and preserving evidence;understanding anti-forensic techniques;and building and documenting advanced digital forensic cases.

Most SANS GIAC credentials are valid for four years. Candidates may recertify for the GCFE and GCFA by earning 36 continuing professional experience (CPE) credits. In addition, credential holders must pay a certification maintenance fee of $429 every fouryears.

The SANS GIAC program encompasses more than 36 information security certifications across a broad range of topics and disciplines. IT professionals interested in information security in general, as well as digital forensics, would be well advised to investigate further ontheGIAChomepage.

GCFE and GCFA facts and figures

Certification nameGIAC Certified Forensic Examiner (GCFE)

GIAC Certified Forensic Analyst (GCFA)

Prerequisites and required coursesNone

GCFE recommended course: FOR500: Windows Forensic Analysis ($6,210)

GCFA recommended course: FOR508: Advanced Digital Forensics, Incident Response, and Threat Hunting ($6,210)

Number of examsOne exam for each credential (115 questions, threehours, passing score of 71 percent)

Exams proctored by Pearson VUE.Registration with GIAC required to schedule an exam.

Cost per exam$769 if part of training/bootcamp

$1,899 (no training – referred to as a certification challenge)

Additional details available here.
Self-study materialsPractice tests available on the GIAC exam preparation page (two tests included in exam fee; additional practice tests are $159 each).Study guides and practice exams can be found on Amazon and other typical channels.

Beyond the top 5: More digital forensics certifications

There are lots of other certification programs that can help to further the careers of IT professionals who work in digital forensics.

One certification we’ve featured in the past is the CyberSecurity Institute’s CyberSecurity Forensic Analyst (CSFA). The CyberSecurity Institute provides digital forensic services aimed at law firms, businesses and individuals, and administers a small but well-respected certification program. The CSFA is designed for security professionals with at least two years of experience performing digital forensic analysis on computers and devices running the Windows operating system and creating investigative reports. Although the certification didn’t generate as many job board hits as our other featured certifications, the CSFA is still worth your attention.

The same goes for the Certified Computer Examiner (CCE) from the International Society of Forensic Computer Examiners, also known as ISFCE. The CCE is well recognized in the industry and in the law enforcement community as a leading credential for digital forensics professionals, but it fell a little short on job board hits during our review this year.

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Other good certifications include the Professional Certified Investigator (PCI), a senior-level, vendor-neutral computer investigations and forensics credential available through ASIS International. The organization also offers the Certified Protection Professional (CPP), which includes an investigation component, and the Physical Security Professional (PSP) in its certification program. Forensics candidates can also pursue one of the High Tech Crime Network vendor-neutral certifications – the Certified Computer Crime Investigator or Certified Computer Forensic Technician,both of which have a Basic and an Advanced credential.

If you look around online, you’ll find numerous other forensics hardware and software vendors that offer certifications and plenty of other organizations that didn’t make the cut for the 2019 list of the best digital forensics certifications. But before you wander outside the items mentioned in this article, you might want to research the sponsoring organization’s history and the number of people who’ve earned its credentials, and then determine whether the sponsor not only requires training but stands to profit from its purchase.

You might also want to ask a practicing digital forensics professional if they’ve heard of the certifications you found on your own and, if so, what that professional thinks of those offerings.


How much is the GCFE? ›

Prerequisites: Training is recommended but not required for certification attempts, as job experience is very valuable to pass this test. The GCFE certification currently costs $1,999 with a free training course bundle option covering two practical tests.

What are the 3 A's of cyber forensics? ›

A digital forensic investigation commonly consists of 3 stages: acquisition or imaging of exhibits, analysis, and reporting.

Is digital forensics difficult? ›

Computer forensics can be a stressful field, as you often need to find information quickly for a criminal investigation and criminals can be highly skilled at technology.

How hard is GCFE? ›

For the exam, you get three hours to answer 115 questions. Even with a massive index, I thought the exam was tough. Panic set in about 20 minutes in and I seriously thought I was failing it. I completed it with about 1 minute to spare and ended up passing with a 79% score.

How long is GCFE exam? ›

Obtaining a GCFE certification requires passing a proctored exam that consists of 115 questions. Candidates are given 3 hours to take the exam and will need to have a passing score of at least 71% to earn the certification. GCFE exam sections include: Analysis and profiling of systems and devices.

What is the difference between cyber forensics and digital forensics? ›

Digital forensics, also known as cyber forensics, is a broad term that describes activities relating to investigating attacks and cyber incidents involving various digital assets. This includes everything from mobile phones and computers to servers, networks and so on.

What are the five 5 steps of digital forensics? ›

Process of Digital forensics includes 1) Identification, 2) Preservation, 3) Analysis, 4) Documentation and, 5) Presentation.

What are the 4 phases of digital forensics? ›

  • Identification. First, find the evidence, noting where it is stored.
  • Preservation. Next, isolate, secure, and preserve the data. ...
  • Analysis. Next, reconstruct fragments of data and draw conclusions based on the evidence found.
  • Documentation. ...
  • Presentation.

Can you do computer forensics without a degree? ›

Do I need a degree to become a computer forensic investigator? Many digital forensics jobs require a bachelor's degree in computer forensics, computer science, or a related field. According to CyberSeek data, 90 percent of cyber crime analyst jobs request at least a bachelor's degree [1].

What are some forensic certifications? ›

  • GIAC Certified Forensic Analyst (GCFA) A GCFA credential signifies proficiency in digital forensics and incident response. ...
  • GIAC Certified Forensic Examiner (GCFE) ...
  • GIAC Network Forensic Analyst (GNFA) ...
  • GIAC Battlefield Forensics and Acquisition (GBFA)

Is Chfi worthwhile? ›

Is the CHFI certification exam worth the effort? Yes, it is. The benefits of taking this exam demonstrate why it's a must for you. EC-Council CHFI is the best exam you should consider taking if you want to learn new skills and enhance your knowledge to boost your cybersecurity career.

What is the highest paying forensic job? ›

Forensic Medical Examiner

Perhaps the highest paying position in the field of forensic science is forensic medical examiner. The path to this occupation is much longer than most other roles in the field. That's why the pay scale is significantly higher than others as well.

Is digital forensics stressful? ›

Recent evidence shows digital forensics experts are at risk of burnout and job-related stress. This may be related to the increase in digital evidence and/or repetitive exposure to challenging material, either face to face or via digital imagery in real time or post-event.

Is digital forensics a good career? ›

Yes, digital forensics is a good career for many professionals. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, demand for forensic scientists and information security analysts is expected to be very high.

Is Chfi respected? ›

EC Council and CHFI

This certification is one of the most widely recognized, industry standard and respected certifications.

Are GIAC certifications worth anything? ›

Industry recognition and respect

GIAC certifications are listed as preferred qualifications on thousands of job postings across the globe. That's because hiring managers and infosec professionals know that GIAC certifications are a guarantee of critical skill mastery.

Is Chfi difficult? ›

CHFI Certification is challenging and requires immense knowledge in the field of forensics which can be obtained through CHFI training. The two available options to appear for the certification exam are, Attend a CHFI Certification Training Program provided by the EC council or com.

How do you become a certified forensic examiner? ›

5 Requirements to Become a CFE
  1. Be an Associate Member of the ACFE.
  2. Have 50 Points in the Eligibility Points System.
  3. Have a Minimum of Two Years of Fraud-Related Work Experience.
  4. Pass the CFE Exam.
  5. Agree to Abide by the ACFE Code of Professional Ethics.

What is GCFE exam? ›

The GIAC Certified Forensic Examiner (GCFE) certification validates a practitioner's knowledge of computer forensic analysis, with an emphasis on core skills required to collect and analyze data from Windows computer systems.

What are the three C's in computer forensics? ›

Precision in security requires the data to be integrated in order to produce context, correlation and causation. We call it the "Three C's of Security." What do we mean by precision?

Is digital forensics a hacker? ›

Digital forensic analysts work on cybercrime investigations and are often hired in the aftermath of a hack, data breach, or theft of a digital storage device. The job of a digital forensic analyst is multifaceted and encompasses a variety of responsibilities, including: Recovering breached, modified, or destroyed data.

Is cyber forensics in demand? ›

As long as there is cybercrime, there will be a demand for cyber forensic analysts. Full-time salaries for digital forensics professionals average at around $74,902 (Payscale, 2022). You can also work as a private consultant, which would mean billing clients according to your hourly rates.

How many C's are in computer forensics? ›

There are three c's in computer forensics.

How long does digital forensics take? ›

A complete examination of a 100 GB of data on a hard drive can have over 10,000,000 pages of electronic information and may take between 15 to 35 hours or more to examine, depending on the size and types of media. A reasonable quote can be obtained prior to the investigation's start.

Who uses cyber forensics? ›

Computer forensics has been used as evidence by law enforcement agencies and in criminal and civil law since the 1980s.

What are 5 digital forensics elements? ›

Digital forensics is a branch of forensic science that focuses on digital devices and cybercrime.
The Nine Phases of Digital Forensics
  • First Response. ...
  • Search and Seizure. ...
  • Evidence Collection. ...
  • Securing of the Evidence. ...
  • Data Acquisition. ...
  • Data Analysis. ...
  • Evidence Assessment.

Does computer forensics require programming? ›

Technical Knowledge: Computer forensics professionals require advanced knowledge of digital storage methods, operating systems, programming, hacking techniques, and malware.

How do you authenticate digital evidence? ›

Text messages can be authenticated by the testimony of a witness with knowledge or by distinctive characteristics of the item, including circumstantial evidence such as the author's screen name or monikers, customary use of emoji or emoticons, the author's known phone number, the reference to facts that are specific to ...

Who employs digital forensic investigators? ›

Both privately owned businesses as well as government entities such as the FBI, CIA, and NSA all need well-trained computer forensics investigators and analysts. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the field of computer forensics is expected to grow by about 9 percent by the year 2028.

What qualifications do I need to be a forensic computer analyst? ›

You can do a degree or postgraduate qualification in:
  • forensic computing and security.
  • computer science.
  • cyber security.
  • digital forensics.
  • financial technology.

How do you gain digital forensic experience? ›

If you don't have any professional experience, you can pursue on-the-job computer forensics training through an internship. There are tons of internships available, including one offered by the High Technology Investigative Unit of the U.S. Department of Justice.

What is Gcfa certification? ›

The GIAC®️ Certified Forensic Analyst (GCFA) is a vendor-neutral certification that tests the candidate's knowledge and skills in using computer forensics tools and techniques, in information security and incident response.

Who certifies forensic scientists? ›

The American Board of Criminalistics currently offers examinations in the following areas of certification: Biological Evidence Screening (ABC-BIO) Comprehensive Criminalistics (ABC-CC) Drug Analysis (ABC-DA)

Which is better CEH or Chfi? ›

The CEH only detects whether a hacking attempt has been made. Not only does the CHFI detect a hacker attack, but also uses different methods to extract evidence, reports the crime and puts systems in place to prevent future attacks. CEH is considered to be a more recognised course.

What jobs can you get with a Chfi certification? ›

CHFI job titles
  • IT managers.
  • Law enforcement personnel.
  • e-Business Security professionals.
  • Legal professionals.
  • Systems administrators.
  • Insurance, Banking, and other professionals.
  • Government agencies.
  • Defense and Military personnel.

How many questions are there in Chfi exam? ›

The exam has 150 MCQ-type questions.

What are the three C's in computer forensics? ›

Precision in security requires the data to be integrated in order to produce context, correlation and causation. We call it the "Three C's of Security." What do we mean by precision?

What is in cyber forensics? ›

Cyber forensics is a process of extracting data as proof for a crime (that involves electronic devices) while following proper investigation rules to nab the culprit by presenting the evidence to the court. Cyber forensics is also known as computer forensics.

What is evidence in cyber forensics? ›

Digital evidence is any information or data of value to an investigation that is stored on, received by, or transmitted by an electronic device. Text messages, emails, pictures and videos, and internet searches are some of the most common types of digital evidence.

Who is the father of computer forensics? ›

The field of digital forensics started early 90's when digital computer compromised. FBI CART program which was previously known as "Magnet Media Program" and the father of Computer Forensics Michael Anderson was the chief head of this program.

Which tool is needed for a computer forensics job? ›

1. Autopsy/The Sleuth Kit. Autopsy and The Sleuth Kit are probably the most well-known and popular forensics tools in existence. These tools are designed to analyze disk images, perform in-depth analysis of file systems and include a wide variety of other features.

Which of following is not a rule of digital forensics *? ›

Digital forensics is all of them except:

Preservation of computer data.

Is cyber forensics a good career? ›

With opportunities to work with private firms as well as join government bodies, a career in Computer Forensics is truly rewarding. Due to the increasing rate of cyber attack every single year, agencies from across the world are spending a huge amount of money on best talents from Cyber Forensics.

How do I do digital forensics? ›

There are nine steps that digital forensic specialists usually take while investigating digital evidence.
  1. First Response. ...
  2. Search and Seizure. ...
  3. Evidence Collection. ...
  4. Securing of the Evidence. ...
  5. Data Acquisition. ...
  6. Data Analysis. ...
  7. Evidence Assessment. ...
  8. Documentation and Reporting.

What is FTK Imager? ›

FTK® Imager is a data preview and imaging tool that lets you quickly assess electronic evidence to determine if further analysis with a forensic tool such as Forensic Toolkit (FTK®) is warranted.

How long does digital forensics take? ›

A complete examination of a 100 GB of data on a hard drive can have over 10,000,000 pages of electronic information and may take between 15 to 35 hours or more to examine, depending on the size and types of media. A reasonable quote can be obtained prior to the investigation's start.

What are four uses of digital forensics? ›

Digital forensics is what professionals use to investigat e cyber crime.
Forensic specialists analyze and report on data stored inside computer networks to:
  • Investigate employee violations.
  • Investigate harassment claims.
  • Identify possible fraud.
  • Assess damage after a data breach.
Nov 13, 2019

Who uses cyber forensics? ›

General criminal and civil cases. This is because criminals sometimes store information in computers. Commercial organizations and companies can also use computer forensics to help them in cases of intellectual property theft, forgeries, employment disputes, bankruptcy investigations and fraud compliance.

What is the first rule of digital forensics? ›

The first rule of computer forensic evidence analysis is "don't alter the evidence in any way." The simple act of turning on a computer can alter or destroy any evidence that might be there. The search for evidence on a computer should only be done by a trained and experienced computer forensic examiner.

What are 3 sources of digital evidence? ›

There are many sources of digital evidence, but for the purposes of this publication, the topic is divided into three major forensic categories of devices where evidence can be found: Internet-based, stand-alone computers or devices, and mobile devices.

What are the two types of digital evidence? ›

Investigators can gather two types of digital evidence:
  • Volatile data: Volatile data is digital information stored in a temporary medium. This data is lost when the device is powered off. ...
  • Nonvolatile data: Nonvolatile data is digital information stored in permanent mediums, such as hard disks.
Jul 18, 2022


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